Sexual intercourse is the main mode of HIV transmission in America. About 70% of all HIV infections occur this way.
But do not assume that only an HIV-positive person is to blame. Each of us is independently responsible for our own health.
If you have unprotected sex, be aware of the risks. Moreover, HIV infection is infected through unprotected sex, not only with unfamiliar people, but often with “partners you can trust”.
HIV is transmitted only through several types of fluids: blood, semen, vaginal fluid, and breast milk. A large number of special receptors that recognize the virus are concentrated on the genitals, and therefore infection occurs quite easily.
An HIV-positive person has every opportunity to have sex so that it is safe for him and others. And subject to certain rules, sexual life will not be any different from HIV-negative people.
The best remedy is a condom
Prevent contraceptive injection where there is some kind of barrier. For example, condoms, when used correctly, the risk of infection is zero.
There are other protective methods that are not as effective as a condom, but they dramatically reduce the risk of infection. For example, the use of drugs. If a person with HIV infection is undergoing antiviral therapy, then he has a sharp decrease in the amount of virus in all biological fluids: in blood, in semen, in vaginal fluid. Thus, an HIV-positive person becomes much less contagious.
Also, after sex, you can treat the genitals with microbicides or antiseptic solutions. By treating the genitals with a chlorine solution or miramistin, you can coolly reduce the risk of infection.
The quality of sex should not deteriorate
The greatest risk of contracting HIV infection is through penetrative sex. But this does not mean that you should limit yourself and change sexual behavior.
To lead a sex life that you like and that you are used to (without harm to others!) Is worth taking therapy on time.
Having children is more than real
Couples in which one partner is HIV-infected are called discordant. HIV can only be transmitted from the mother. Therefore, if a couple has an HIV-positive father, then an infected child can be born only if the mother becomes infected.
There are several ways to give birth to a healthy baby. If HIV-positive is the father, there is a special service at the Mother and Child Center: cleaning sperm from HIV infection. Therefore, if you just centrifuge the semen with the addition of certain substances, then the spermatozoa, roughly speaking, will sink to the bottom, and the viruses will swim upstairs. Then the bottom layer with sperm is collected by a pipette and checked for viruses there. If the analysis is negative, then these spermatozoa can be injected into the woman with a syringe, as is done with artificial insemination. The likelihood of becoming pregnant after this procedure is the same as after a normal sexual intercourse as figured out by LA county std clinic.
If a woman is HIV-positive, then, of course, she needs to take drugs so that the virus becomes undetectable. If the virus cannot be suppressed, then a cesarean section is performed before the onset of labor. This also reduces the risks of transmitting the virus to the child, but this method is only for situations where it was not possible to suppress the virus with therapy. A newborn will also be required to take drugs. Since breast milk is contagious, it is not necessary to breast-feed a baby with an HIV-positive woman, but with infant formula, which the clinic provides for free.